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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

184,414
RESULTS
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Media Type
17
collections
184,397
texts
Year
1,115
1971
1,055
1950
1,626
1933
2,133
1932
2,116
1931
2,398
1930
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Topics & Subjects
13,758
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
13,162
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
10,860
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
9,321
Natural history
9,098
Science
7,994
Botany
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Collection
More right-solid
Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
1,088
engelmann, george,
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
574
muséum national d'histoire naturelle, paris auteur
569
harvard university. museum of comparative zoology
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Language
137,462
English
15,626
German
13,102
French
2,781
Latin
2,735
Spanish
2,402
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
8,527
ITEMS
6.9M
VIEWS
collection
eye 6.9M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,043
ITEMS
1M
VIEWS
collection
eye 1M
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
7,361
ITEMS
415,856
VIEWS
collection
eye 415,856
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
266,993
VIEWS
collection
eye 266,993
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
231,983
VIEWS
collection
eye 231,983
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
2,747
ITEMS
182,926
VIEWS
collection
eye 182,926
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 170,303
favorite 21
comment 2
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
BHL Field Notes Project
collection
3,519
ITEMS
120,709
VIEWS
collection
eye 120,709
The BHL Field Notes Project is a collaborative project funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). It provides open access to field notes from institutions throughout the United States. Building on the work of the Smithsonian Field Book Project, the BHL Field Notes Project aims not only to provide general access to this material, but to reunite fragmented collections through institutional collaboration. Doing so will provide a more complete picture of the expeditions,...
collection
eye 77,131
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 72,133
favorite 6
comment 2
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
10
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany -- Great Britain, Wild flowers -- Great Britain Identification
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 60,481
favorite 3
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882
texts
eye 51,967
favorite 52
comment 0
Previously published as: On the origin of species by means of natural selection
Topics: Evolution, Natural selection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 45,010
favorite 19
comment 5
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 43,368
favorite 35
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 36,892
favorite 5
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 34,346
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Society (Great Britain)
texts
eye 32,870
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 30,083
favorite 64
comment 6
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 6 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 28,197
favorite 36
comment 14
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 14 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 27,853
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 25,559
favorite 10
comment 0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
Pacific Northwest Horticulture
collection
777
ITEMS
24,376
VIEWS
collection
eye 24,376
Pacific Northwest plant and garden society publications.
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 24,249
favorite 28
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 24,164
favorite 24
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 23,009
favorite 8
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 21,718
favorite 12
comment 1
Latin and English on opposite pages
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Natural history
14
Topics: English language -- Glossaries, vocabularies, etc, Gaelic language -- Glossaries, vocabularies,...
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 21,569
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cockfighting
Originally published in 1652 under title: The English physician
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica, Botany, Medical, Herbs
Journal move 1991
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 21,146
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 20,741
favorite 3
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 20,451
favorite 5
comment 0
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 19,556
favorite 3
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 19,513
favorite 16
comment 0
Source: London, UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 18,978
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 18,869
favorite 2
comment 0
Includes bibliographies
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,857
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 18,243
favorite 2
comment 0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,183
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 18,029
favorite 13
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 17,993
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,787
favorite 0
comment 0
GeoRef
Topic: Science
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 17,693
favorite 2
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
14
Topics: Agriculture, English language, English language, Home economics, cbk
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 17,210
favorite 2
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 16,796
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 16,535
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
OISE/UT Library
by Pliny, the Elder; Rackham, H. (Harris), 1868-1944
texts
eye 16,493
favorite 6
comment 0
Latin and English on opposite pages
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 16,459
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 16,248
favorite 2
comment 0
26
Topics: Encyclopedias and dictionaries -- Early works to 1600, Education of princes, Civilization,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,240
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 16,135
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 15,938
favorite 10
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
University of Toronto - Robarts Library
texts
eye 15,493
favorite 2
comment 0
26 52
Topic: Agriculture -- Early works to 1800
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 15,101
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 15,075
favorite 7
comment 0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,014
favorite 0
comment 0
Issues for 1858- bound in 2 vols. annually, called: nouvelle période, année 1858, t. 1-
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 14,960
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development; Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974
texts
eye 14,921
favorite 4
comment 0
Topics: Science and state -- United States, Research -- United States
"A short list of Leeuwenhoek's writings": p. 388-397
Topics: Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van, 1632-1723, Protozoa, Bacteria, Bacteriology, Microbiology, Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 14,579
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
The Library of Congress
by Craig, Robert Alexander, 1872-
texts
eye 14,563
favorite 2
comment 0
"Reference books": p. 328
Topic: Veterinary medicine
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,477
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
University of Toronto - John M. Kelly Library
by Bergson, Henri, 1859-1941
texts
eye 14,333
favorite 10
comment 0
Topics: Metaphysics, Evolution, Life
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 14,303
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 14,153
favorite 7
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 545-569
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 13,970
favorite 13
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 18
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Topic: Livestock brands